What Is A Medical Laboratory
A medical laboratory is a place where the tests for the clinical specimen will be done in order to get the information needed for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of a disease on a patient. Clinical laboratories are not the same as the research laboratories because they focus on applied science mainly on the production like basis an not on the basic science on an academic basis.
Laboratory medicine is usually divided into two departments and each of the department will be divided into a number of units. You can read more about the two departments below.
Anatomic pathology – electron microscopy, histopathology, and cytopathology are the units included in this department. Each of those units can be studied alone in a single course, try checking this page. Physiology, pathology, pathophysiology, and histology are the other courses that you can get from this department.
Clinical pathology that contains the following:
Clinical microbiology – this surrounds five different units of science. Mycology, immunology, bacteriology, parasitology, and virology are the units included here!
Clinical chemistry – the units that are under this section are toxicology, endocrinology, enzymology, and the instrumental analysis of blood components.
Hermatology – the manual and automated analysis of blood cells are under this section. The blood bank and the coagulation are the two subunits in this section.
Genetics is studied also alongside a subspecialty which is the cytogenetics.
Reproductive biology – you can find the assisted reproductive technology, semen analysis, and sperm bank in this section.
You should know that it would vary from different places when it comes to the distribution of clinical laboratories in different health centers. An example for this is that some health institutions will have one lab intended for microbiology while some will not have a lab for microbiology but will have different labs for each unit.
You can find a detailed analysis on the responsibilities of the laboratory equipment for urinalysis and hermatology in this website.
You should know that any clinical specimen can be received by microbiology like the possible infected tissue, synovial fluids, cerebrospinal fluid, sputum, blood, urine, feces, and swabs. The main task here is focused with cultures, to find out the suspected pathogens that will be further identified with several biochemical tests if found. A pathogen will also undergo a sensitivity test in order to find out if it is resistant or sensitive to a given medicine. The results will be reported with the determined organism or organisms, and the type and number of drugs that will be given to the patient.
Different types of medical laboratories
In a lot of countries, there are two main types of medical laboratories that will process most of the medical specimens. The patients will undergo tests in hospital laboratories that you can find in several hospitals. The private laboratories will be analyzing the samples from the different health clinics, clinical research sites, insurance companies, and general practitioners. Read more here about medical laboratories in different websites in the internet.
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